Saturday, 30 April 2016


One of the first steps in case you are going to sell products in Russia is to export goods to Russia (import into Russia). 

It is obvious that all goods entering Russia should be custom cleared.
Before sending out the goods following steps should be made:

Step 1: Inform your Partner or Customer in Russia that you are going to send goods to him.

Please notify you Partner or Customer in advance and please ensure that he has duly received notification.

Step 2: Send all shipping documents for review. Do not send goods before getting OK for the documents.

Main documents to be provided by Seller for import of goods to Russia are:

a) Contract, signed and stamped. If Contract total value is equal or more that 50 t.USD currency transaction certificate should be issued by receiving bank in Russia before first transaction is made or import of the goods to Russia is done.

b) Invoice. Invoice should have reference to the Contract, clear description of the goods, quantity, weights, Customs commodity codes. It is highly recommended but not obligatory to have net and gross weights for each commodity code in invoice (if invoice does not have this information, packing list is required with this information, packing list should have reference to corresponding invoice). Invoice should either have above mentioned information in 2 languages (English and Russian), or separate translation should be provided.

c) Technical description of the goods giving clear idea what materials goods consist of and what is the use of the goods. This information is needed for Russian Customs to identify goods correctly.

d) Certifications and Licenses if required according to Russian rules. 
Requirements for certification are mentioned for each commodity code in Russian Customs code and should be checked prior to shipping the goods.

e) Shipping documents depending on means of transport. (CMR, sea bill of lading, rail waybill, air waybill)

f) Other documents. Other documents mean wide range of commercial, shipping and technical documents which might be requested by Russian Customs if they start question the price or correctness of commodity code applied. (Example: Certificate of origin, Export declaration, Market prices for the same commodity codes in exporting country or on local market, etc)

Hint: Please do not send any shipments without notifications. Lack of required documents or documents made not in full compliance with Russian legislation may result in goods being stuck at Russian Customs.

Step 3: After getting OK for sending goods please check that you have all required contact details and addresses at destination.

This is needed for swift communication when the goods are being delivered. This will also help you to avoid extra costs for demurrage. It is better to ask what are the optimal entrance time to the terminal, this will help you Customer save costs on terminal fees.

Step 4: Provide your Customer in Russia contact person in case Russian Customs requires additional documentation or explanations.

Russian Customs is checking the goods and documents at the border and then at the Customs terminal.

Border control is mainly checking documentation:
- pre-advice note for the goods
- licenses and certification if required
- documents for means of transport
- shipping documents
- TIR carnet or another types of Customs guarantees to cover delivery from border to terminal

Truck might be also opened and goods might be inspected or weighed.

When trucks arrives at Customs terminal documents will be checked once again.
During Customs clearance procedure Russian Customs might request additional documents, request weighing, visual inspection or taking samples for testing to identify the goods.

Hint: Numerous requirements from your Customer in Russia may give you impression that something is wrong. If you question any of the requirements you can contact independent Company in Russia for consultation or ask your local office of one of international forwarders for consultation.

Hint: Please use professional forwarder and Customs broker.

Regards, Yury

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